Navigating Respiratory Health and Lung Diseases in the UAE: A Complete Guide


The respiratory system plays a crucial role in our health, enabling us to breathe and sustain life. Various factors such as environmental conditions, lifestyle choices, and occupational hazards significantly affect respiratory health. This guide delves into respiratory health issues and lung diseases prevalent globally, offering profound insights into prevention, management, and treatment, catering to individuals at all stages of their health journey.

Understanding Respiratory Health:

Our respiratory system, which includes essential organs like the lungs and trachea, is fundamental for oxygen exchange. Issues such as air pollution, desert dust exposure, smoking habits, and occupational risks are key challenges impacting respiratory health, leading to conditions like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and other respiratory infections.

Prevalent Lung Diseases in the UAE:

Asthma: This chronic condition, marked by airway inflammation, presents symptoms such as wheezing and coughing. Environmental triggers like dust storms and air pollution can worsen asthma conditions.

Understanding COPD: COPD is a concern, incorporating chronic bronchitis and emphysema. It’s a progressive disease that causes obstructed airflow and breathing difficulty, heavily influenced by smoking, occupational hazards, and poor indoor air quality.

Combatting Respiratory Infections: Diseases such as influenza, pneumonia, and tuberculosis represent significant health concerns.

Prevention Strategies:

Smoke-Free Environments in the UAE: Encouraging smoking cessation and enforcing smoke-free spaces are critical steps towards reducing respiratory health risks.

  • Air Quality Improvement: Adopting measures to tackle both indoor and outdoor air pollution, like using air purifiers and enhancing vehicle emissions standards, plays a vital role in safeguarding respiratory health.
  • Vaccination for Lung Health: Getting vaccinated against influenza and pneumonia is essential in preventing respiratory infections and their severe consequences.
  • Occupational Safety and Respiratory Health: Emphasizing occupational safety measures and the use of respiratory protective equipment can minimize harmful workplace exposures.

Management and Treatment:

Addressing respiratory diseases involves a comprehensive approach, including medication management, pulmonary rehabilitation, lifestyle adjustments, and patient education. Burjeel Royal Hospital, Al Ain offers a wide spectrum of diagnostic and treatment options, such as bronchodilators, corticosteroids, oxygen therapy, and pulmonary rehabilitation services, customized to meet the unique needs of each patient.


In a country faced with distinctive environmental challenges, prioritizing respiratory health is imperative. Through increased awareness, preventative measures, and accessing advanced healthcare solutions, individuals can actively manage the impact of respiratory diseases. Embracing a proactive approach towards respiratory health in the UAE can lead to a healthier, more vibrant life for its residents.

Understanding and Correcting Squint: Comprehensive Guidance from the Department of Ophthalmology, Burjeel Hospital, Abu Dhabi

When you hear the term “squint”, you might envision someone narrowing their eyes to see better. However, in the realm of vision problems and eye health, squint, or strabismus, refers to a condition where the eyes don’t look in exactly the same direction at the same time.

What Causes Squint?

Squint or crossed eyes arises from an eye muscle imbalance that may be caused by numerous factors, like nerve injury or dysfunction, refractive errors, or even general health conditions.

Children can also be affected. Pediatric eye conditions include squint or strabismus, often detected when a child’s eyes appear misaligned. People concerned about their children’s eye health should schedule orthoptist consultations promptly.

How is Squint Treated?

At the Department of Ophthalmology, Burjeel Hospital, Abu Dhabi, we are skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of squint. The treatment options for squint are plenty. They range from simple remedies like corrective glasses for squint to more extensive treatments like surgery.

Surgical and Non-Surgical Correction of Squint

For those considering squint surgery, it’s an effective method to reposition the eye muscles, thereby rectifying the squint. On the other hand, corrective lenses or prism glasses are non-surgical alternatives that can help treat squint.

Wondering about the cost of squint treatment? At Burjeel Hospital, we work to provide quality healthcare that is accessible and affordable. You can find some of the best doctors for squint treatment right here in Abu Dhabi.

Post-Surgical Care and Eye Health Management

At Burjeel Hospital, we are committed to patient wellness even beyond the treatment phase. Post-squint surgery care is essential for successful recovery. Regular routine eye check-ups are integral to promptly catch and address any potential eye issues.

Our Department also offers vision therapy sessions focused on improving eye coordination and alignment. Ongoing eye care is essential, and we aim to make it as comprehensive and patient-friendly as possible.

The Department of Ophthalmology, Burjeel Hospital, Abu Dhabi is your trusted partner in managing squint and other eye health concerns. Whether you have a squint condition or are seeking overall eye wellbeing, book an appointment with us. We’re dedicated to providing the optimal care your eyes deserve, so you can focus on seeing the world more clearly.

Preventive Measures and the Road Ahead

Preventing squint begins with acknowledging its causes and symptoms. Stay informed not just about the problem but also the solutions. Follow our blog as we share more eye health tips and improved vision stories that will inspire you to take better care of your eyes. Remember, your eyes are your window to the world, and we’re here to ensure you get the best possible view.

Understanding and Addressing Pediatric Obesity: Burjeel Hospital’s Comprehensive Approach

Pediatric obesity is a critical health concern affecting children worldwide, and Al Ain is no exception. At Burjeel Hospital, we recognize the urgency of addressing this issue and have developed a comprehensive approach to combat pediatric obesity in our community. Our dedicated team of experts is committed to promoting healthier futures for our youngest patients.

Identifying Risk Factors and Early Intervention

Pediatric obesity can be influenced by various factors, including genetics, lifestyle, and environmental influences. Our pediatric specialists prioritize early screening and assessment to identify at-risk children, enabling timely interventions. By understanding each child’s unique circumstances, we can develop personalized treatment plans tailored to their specific needs.

Holistic Approach to Pediatric Obesity Management

At Burjeel Hospital, Al Ain, we believe in a multidisciplinary approach to managing pediatric obesity. Our team comprises experienced pediatricians, dietitians, psychologists, and exercise physiologists who work collaboratively to provide comprehensive care. We combine evidence-based dietary counseling, physical activity prescriptions, and behavioral therapy to foster sustainable lifestyle changes.

Empowering Families and Communities

We understand that addressing pediatric obesity requires collective efforts from families and communities. Our nutrition and dietetics experts empower parents with practical resources, educational materials, and support networks to facilitate lasting lifestyle changes. We also partner with local schools and organizations to create environments that promote healthy eating and active living.

Overcoming Challenges and Celebrating Success

We recognize the challenges and barriers associated with pediatric obesity management, such as stigma, access to healthcare, and adherence to treatment regimens. Our compassionate team provides a supportive and inclusive environment, ensuring that every child and family receives the care and encouragement they need. We celebrate success stories and inspirational narratives to inspire others on their journey to better health.

Commitment to a Healthier Future

At Burjeel Hospital, Al Ain, we are dedicated to combating pediatric obesity and empowering our children to lead healthier, happier lives. By combining our expertise, resources, and community partnerships, we strive to create a brighter, healthier future for the younger generations in Al Ain and beyond.

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Demystifying Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): Understanding, Coping, and Thriving


Are you struggling with abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel habits? You are not alone. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common gastrointestinal disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. Unfortunately, IBS often remains misunderstood and overlooked. In this blog post, we will delve into the intricacies of IBS, exploring its symptoms, causes, triggers, and most importantly, practical strategies for managing and living well with this condition.

Understanding Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS):

IBS is a chronic disorder characterized by a cluster of symptoms, including abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel habits. These symptoms can vary in severity and duration, often fluctuating over time. Living with IBS can be challenging, but with proper understanding and management techniques, individuals can lead fulfilling lives.

Symptoms of IBS:

Abdominal pain or discomfort, related to bowel movements.
Bloating and gas.
Changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea, constipation, or alternating between the two.
Urgency or feeling of incomplete bowel movements.
Mucus in stools.
Causes and Triggers:

While the exact cause of IBS remains unknown, several factors are believed to contribute to its development. These include:

  • Food Sensitivities: Certain foods, such as FODMAPs (fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols), can trigger IBS symptoms in some individuals. It is important to identify and avoid these trigger foods.
  • Stress: Stress can worsen IBS symptoms. Practicing relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, meditation, yoga, or mindfulness, can help reduce stress levels and alleviate IBS symptoms.
  • Lack of Exercise: Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, swimming, or cycling, promotes regular bowel movements and reduces stress. It is important to incorporate exercise into your daily routine.
  • Medications: Over-the-counter or prescription medications may be recommended to manage specific symptoms of IBS, such as antispasmodics for abdominal pain or diarrhea, laxatives for constipation, and antidepressants for overall symptom management. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any medications.
  • Gut Health: Maintaining a healthy gut microbiota is crucial for managing IBS symptoms. Probiotics, prebiotics, and dietary supplements may help restore balance to the gut microbiota and alleviate symptoms in some individuals.
  • Psychological Distress: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or gut-directed hypnotherapy can be effective in managing IBS symptoms, particularly for those with significant psychological distress.

Practical Strategies for Managing IBS:

Living well with IBS involves implementing personalized management strategies. Here are some practical tips that can help:

  • Follow a Low-FODMAP Diet: A low-FODMAP diet involves avoiding foods that are high in FODMAPs, which can trigger IBS symptoms. Working with a registered dietitian can help you create a suitable meal plan.
  • Stress Management: Along with relaxation techniques, consider incorporating stress-management activities into your daily routine, such as exercise, spending time with loved ones, or engaging in hobbies that bring you joy.
  • Regular Exercise: Make exercise a regular part of your routine. Engaging in moderate physical activity promotes regular bowel movements, reduces stress, and improves overall well-being.
  • Medications: Talk to your healthcare professional about medication options to help manage specific symptoms of IBS. They can guide you on which medications may be suitable for your situation.
  • Support Gut Health: Consider incorporating probiotics, prebiotics, and dietary supplements into your routine to support a healthy gut microbiota. However, consult with a healthcare professional before starting any supplements.
  • Seek Therapy: If psychological distress is a significant factor in your IBS symptoms, consider seeking cognitive-behavioral therapy or gut-directed hypnotherapy. These therapies can help you develop coping skills and manage stress.

When to Seek Medical Advice:

While IBS can often be managed with lifestyle changes and home remedies, there are instances when medical advice should be sought. If you experience any of the following, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional:

  • Onset of symptoms after the age of 50.
  • Severe or persistent abdominal pain.
  • Unexplained weight loss.
  • Rectal bleeding.
  • Iron-deficiency anemia.

Remember, you are not alone in this journey. Reach out to healthcare professionals, support groups, or online communities for guidance and support.


Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a challenging condition, but with proper understanding, management techniques, and support, individuals can lead fulfilling lives. By implementing strategies such as following a low-FODMAP diet, managing stress, exercising regularly, and considering medications and therapy when necessary, you can take control of your digestive health and thrive despite the challenges posed by IBS.

Remember to consult our expert gastroenterologists at Burjeel Royal Hospital, Al Ain for personalized advice and guidance. Together, we can demystify IBS and empower individuals to live well with this condition.

Understanding and Tackling Bad Breath: A Comprehensive Guide

Bad breath, medically known as halitosis, is a common problem that can cause significant psychological distress. Many people may not realize that there are a variety of factors that cause bad breath, and not all of them are related to hygiene.

The Problem with Temporary Solutions

There’s no shortage of products on the market that promise to freshen breath. From gum and mints to mouthwashes and breath sprays, these products offer a quick fix to mask unpleasant odors. However, these solutions are often temporary because they don’t address the root cause of the problem.

Causes of Bad Breath

Bad breath can be caused by a variety of factors:

  • Diet: Certain foods, such as garlic and onions, can contribute to bad breath. After these foods are digested and absorbed into your bloodstream, they’re carried to your lungs where they affect your breath.
  • Oral Health: Poor oral hygiene can lead to bad breath. If you don’t brush and floss regularly, food particles can remain in your mouth, causing bad breath.
  • Health Conditions: Some health conditions, such as sinus infections, tonsillitis, and acid reflux, can cause bad breath. In addition, certain medications can also cause bad

How to Improve Bad Breath

Improving bad breath involves addressing its cause:

  • Maintain Good Oral Hygiene: Brush your teeth at least twice a day, floss daily, and use a mouthwash to help control plaque and bacteria that can lead to bad breath.
  • Stay Hydrated: Dry mouth can cause bad breath, so make sure to stay hydrated.
  • Regular Dental Visits: Regular check-ups and cleanings with your dentist are crucial in maintaining good oral health and preventing bad breath.

When to See a Healthcare Professional

If you’ve tried improving your oral hygiene and your bad breath persists, it’s important to see a healthcare professional. Persistent bad breath could be a sign of a more serious health condition.
Remember, bad breath is a common issue and often a sign of a deeper underlying problem. It’s nothing to be embarrassed about, and there are many ways to improve it. Don’t let bad breath hold you back. Seek help and regain your confidence

Minimally Invasive Neck Dissection at Burjeel Hospital: Revolutionizing Thyroid Cancer Treatment

Thyroid cancer is a prevalent medical challenge faced by patients and healthcare professionals alike. At Burjeel Hospital, Abu Dhabi, we are dedicated to providing innovative and effective treatments, such as Minimally Invasive Neck Dissection for patients with thyroid cancer and lymph node metastasis.

Understanding Lymph Node Metastasis in Thyroid Cancer

Lymph node metastasis occurs when cancer cells from the thyroid gland spread to nearby lymph nodes. These small, bean-shaped structures are part of the lymphatic system, which plays a vital role in immune function and fluid balance in the body. The implications of lymph node metastasis are critical for the diagnosis, staging, and treatment of thyroid cancer.

Minimally Invasive Neck Dissection: A Paradigm Shift

Conventional surgical procedures can be daunting for patients. However, our groundbreaking Minimally Invasive Neck Dissection technique offers numerous benefits, including reduced incision size, quicker recovery, and aesthetically-pleasing results. Here are some advantages of this innovative approach:

  • Swift Recovery: Accelerate your recuperation process.
  • Reduced Discomfort: Experience less pain and discomfort after surgery.
  • Enhanced Aesthetics: Minimized scarring for improved self-confidence.
  • Reduced Risk of Complications: By minimizing damage to nearby tissues, potential postoperative complications are significantly reduced.

Minimally Invasive Neck Dissection at Burjeel Hospital: What to Expect

Our multidisciplinary team of experts employs a meticulously planned process to ensure a smooth and successful surgery. The procedure at Burjeel Hospital includes the following steps:

  • Patient Evaluation: Our team carries out thorough preoperative assessments to develop a bespoke treatment plan based on the extent and location of the cancer.
  • Anaesthesia: General anaesthesia is administered for comfort and pain management during the surgery.
  • Small Incisions: Strategic incisions (usually 1-1.5 inches) are made to access the affected area, minimizing scarring.
  • Endoscopic Tools & Neuromonitoring: Utilizing specialized endoscopic tools and intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM), our surgeons visualize and remove cancerous tissue with precision, while preserving vital nerve functions.
  • Indocyanine Green (ICG) and Near-Infrared (NIR) Imaging Technology: This cutting-edge approach uses ICG, a fluorescent dye, to enhance visualization and precision during surgery, potentially improving patient outcomes.
  • Closure: The incisions are closed with minimal scarring, and no sutures need to be removed post-surgery.

Evidence of Success: Published Research & Patient Testimonials

At Burjeel Hospital, we are proud to be at the forefront of medical advancements in thyroid cancer treatment. Our research on Minimally Invasive Neck Dissection has been published in distinguished medical journals, showcasing its promising potential. Patient testimonials also attest to the life-changing impact of this novel technique.

Read our published research here.


At Burjeel Hospital, Abu Dhabi, we understand the challenges faced by patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer. Our mission is to provide state-of-the-art treatments such as Minimally Invasive Neck Dissection, ensuring a higher quality of life and improved patient outcomes. Together, let’s revolutionize thyroid cancer treatment and foster a better future for all. To learn more about the treatment, contact Burjeel Hospital today.


Hydrotherapy, also known as aquatic therapy or water therapy, is a form of physiotherapy that takes place in a pool or specially designed tank. It utilizes the therapeutic properties of water, such as buoyancy, hydrostatic pressure, and temperature, to facilitate healing and rehabilitation. The controlled aquatic environment allows for a wide range of exercises and therapeutic activities that may not be possible on land.

Benefits of Hydrotherapy

There are numerous benefits that make it an attractive option for patients seeking rehabilitation and recovery:

1. Pain Relief

  • The buoyancy of water reduces the effects of gravity on the body, providing immediate pain relief.
  • It is particularly beneficial for patients dealing with chronic pain, arthritis, or those in the early stages of post-surgery recovery.

2. Increased Range of Motion

  • It promotes increased range of motion, particularly for patients with limited mobility.
  • The controlled resistance of water makes exercises easier and less painful to perform, helping to improve flexibility.

3. Muscle Relaxation

  • The warm water used in hydrotherapy sessions has a soothing effect on the muscles.
  • It is especially beneficial for patients dealing with muscle spasms, stiffness, or tension.

4. Strength and Endurance

  • It enables patients to engage in resistance exercises in a controlled manner.
  • Water’s natural resistance provides a challenge for muscles, helping to build strength and enhance endurance.

5. Improved Circulation

  • The hydrostatic pressure exerted by water promotes improved circulation, aiding in the healing process.
  • Better circulation helps transport vital nutrients and oxygen to injured tissues, accelerating recovery.

6. Reduced Stress and Anxiety

  • The calming and soothing nature of water reduces stress and anxiety during hydrotherapy sessions.
  • The serene aquatic environment contributes to a sense of well-being, helping patients cope with the challenges of recovery more effectively.

7. Enhanced Balance and Coordination

  • The natural resistance of water challenges patients’ balance and coordination.
  • This aspect of hydrotherapy is highly beneficial for individuals who are in the process of recovering from injuries or surgeries.

Customized Hydrotherapy Treatment Plans and Safety

At our Physiotherapy and Advanced Rehabilitation Center at Burjeel Medical City, we offer customized treatment plans to maximize the therapeutic potential of hydrotherapy. Our experienced physiotherapists work closely with each patient to create personalized programs based on their specific needs and goals.

Safety is a top priority in hydrotherapy sessions. Hydrotherapy pools or tanks are equipped with safety features, such as railings and non-slip surfaces, to minimize the risk of accidents. Additionally, patients are always accompanied by certified physiotherapists who provide guidance, support, and encouragement throughout the session.

Hydrotherapy for All Ages

Hydrotherapy is a versatile and powerful approach to physiotherapy that can benefit patients of all ages and backgrounds. Whether you’re dealing with chronic pain, recovering from surgery, managing a long-term condition, or looking to improve your physical well-being, hydrotherapy is worth considering. It’s not just a physical therapy; it’s a journey to improved health, well-being, and a better quality of life.

Discover the benefits of hydrotherapy, a form of aquatic therapy that uses water’s therapeutic properties for healing and rehabilitation. Learn about how hydrotherapy can help you regain mobility and improve your overall well-being.

Achilles Tears Treatment by Dr. Roger Haene at Burjeel Hospital Abu Dhabi

Achilles Tears is a common foot and ankle injury that requires proper treatment for a successful recovery. Dr. Roger Haene, an expert in Adult Foot & Ankle Surgery at Burjeel Hospital Abu Dhabi, specializes in treating this condition with expertise and advanced techniques.

Causes and Symptoms of Achilles Tears

Achilles Tendon Rupture can occur due to various reasons such as sudden movements, excessive strain, or direct trauma to the ankle. Common symptoms include a popping or snapping sound at the time of injury, severe pain, swelling, and difficulty walking or standing.

Treatment Options for Achilles Tears

Dr. Roger Haene offers a comprehensive range of treatment options for Achilles Tears. The initial approach involves non-surgical methods such as immobilization, physical therapy, and using orthotic devices to support the foot and ankle. In cases where surgical intervention is necessary, Dr. Roger Haene performs advanced procedures to repair the ruptured tendon.

Rehabilitation and Recovery

Proper rehabilitation is crucial for the successful recovery of Achilles Tears. Dr. Roger Haene follows a standardized protocol of Accelerated Functional Rehabilitation, ensuring patients follow a structured program to regain strength, flexibility, and mobility. With the guidance of our expert team, patients can expect a smooth recovery and return to their daily activities.

Dr. Roger Haene is a highly experienced consultant orthopedic surgeon specializing in Adult Foot & Ankle Surgery. With a focus on patient-centric care, Dr. Roger Haene ensures personalized treatment, advanced facilities, and a compassionate approach to healing. Trust Dr. Roger Haene and the dedicated team at Burjeel Hospital Abu Dhabi for effective treatment and optimal outcomes.

If you are seeking expert treatment for Achilles Tears, trust Dr. Roger Haene, an expert in Adult Foot & Ankle Surgery at Burjeel Hospital Abu Dhabi. Benefit from his specialized expertise, advanced techniques, and personalized care to regain mobility and live a pain-free life.

Achieving the Ideal Sitting Posture, Selecting the Perfect Chair, and Understanding the Adverse Effects of Prolonged Sitting

prolonged sitting

In today’s fast-paced world, many of us spend a significant portion of our day sitting, whether it’s at work, while commuting, or during leisure activities. Prolonged sitting can lead to various health issues, including back pain, neck strain, and poor posture. To help you maintain good health and comfort, this blog article will guide you through the ideal sitting posture and offer tips on selecting the right chair for your needs, while also shedding light on the adverse effects of prolonged sitting, with insights from our experienced physiotherapists.

The Ideal Sitting Posture:

1. Chair Placement:

  • Choose a stable, adjustable chair with good lumbar support. Make sure your feet can rest flat on the ground or on a footrest.
  • Sit at the back of the chair, so your lower back is supported by the lumbar curve of the chair.
  • Maintain a small gap between the edge of the chair and the back of your knees.

2. Body Alignment:

  • Keep your feet flat on the ground or footrest, with your knees at a 90-degree angle.
  • Your hips should be positioned slightly higher than your knees, promoting proper lumbar curvature.
  • Maintain a neutral spine position, avoiding excessive arching or slouching.

3. Armrests and Desk:

  • Adjust armrests so that your forearms are parallel to the ground when typing or using a computer mouse.
  • Ensure your desk is at the right height to prevent hunching or overreaching.

4. Monitor Placement:

  • Position your computer monitor at eye level to reduce neck strain. Use a monitor stand if needed.
  • Maintain a distance of about 20-24 inches (50-60 cm) between your eyes and the screen.

5. Breaks and Movement:

  • Take regular breaks to stand, stretch, and walk around, promoting blood circulation and reducing muscle fatigue.
  • Consider using a standing desk for part of your workday to vary your posture.

Selecting the Perfect Chair:

1. Lumbar Support:

  • Opt for a chair with adjustable lumbar support that fits the natural curve of your lower back. This helps maintain the ideal posture.

2. Seat Depth and Cushioning:

  • Choose a chair with a seat depth that allows you to sit back with your feet flat on the floor while keeping a small gap behind your knees.
  • Ensure the cushioning is comfortable and supportive.

3. Adjustability:

  • Look for a chair with multiple adjustment options, including seat height, armrest height, and backrest tilt. This allows for customization to your body’s needs.

4. Material and Breathability:

  • Consider the material of the chair upholstery. It should be breathable to prevent excessive sweating and discomfort.

5. Test Before You Buy:

  • If possible, try out different chairs before making a purchase to ensure comfort and suitability.

Understanding the Adverse Effects of Prolonged Sitting:

Prolonged sitting can have several detrimental effects on your health, including:

  • Musculoskeletal Issues: Back pain, neck strain, and poor posture can result from improper sitting habits.
  • Poor Circulation: Reduced blood flow in the legs can increase the risk of blood clots, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and varicose veins.
  • Weight Gain: A sedentary lifestyle often leads to weight gain and obesity.
  • Cardiovascular Health: Sitting for extended periods can contribute to heart disease and cardiovascular issues.
  • Metabolic Issues: Insulin sensitivity decreases with prolonged sitting, increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes.
  • Muscle Weakness and Imbalance: Prolonged sitting can lead to muscle atrophy and imbalances.
  • Digestive Problems: Sitting for too long can slow down digestion and lead to digestive discomfort.
  • Mental Health Impact: Prolonged sitting can contribute to feelings of stress, anxiety, and depression.
  • Reduced Lung Capacity: Sitting improperly can restrict lung capacity and lead to shallow breathing.
  • Postural Deformities: Over time, sitting with poor posture can result in permanent postural deformities.
  • Increased Risk of Injury: Poor sitting habits can increase the risk of injury during physical activities.
  • Impact on Longevity: Several studies suggest that sitting for prolonged periods is associated with a shorter lifespan, even among those who exercise regularly.


Maintaining the ideal sitting posture and choosing the right chair are essential for preventing musculoskeletal issues and promoting overall well-being. By following the guidelines outlined in this article and being aware of the adverse effects of prolonged sitting, you can create a comfortable and ergonomic workspace or leisure environment. Remember that your body is unique, so don’t hesitate to consult with a healthcare professional or physiotherapist for personalized advice if you experience persistent discomfort or pain while sitting. Your health and comfort should always be a top priority

Understanding Swallowing Difficulties and Feeding Assessments

Speech Therapy


Swallowing difficulties, medically known as dysphagia, can be a challenging condition affecting individuals of all ages. If you or a loved one experiences symptoms such as coughing, throat clearing, breathing difficulty during feeding, or the sensation of food getting stuck in the throat, it’s crucial to seek professional help. In this article, we’ll explore the importance of swallowing assessments, how they are conducted, and the available instrumental assessments, with a focus on the Video Fluoroscopic Swallow Study (VFSS)

The Importance of Swallowing Assessments

If you suspect you have swallowing difficulties, the first step is to consult your doctor. They will likely refer you to a speech therapist for a swallow assessment. Swallowing assessments are essential for several reasons:

1. Accurate Diagnosis: A thorough assessment helps pinpoint the exact nature and severity of the swallowing difficulty, ensuring appropriate treatment recommendations.

2. Personalized Care: Based on the assessment results, a speech therapist can develop a tailored treatment plan, which may include food modifications, specific head positions, or exercises to strengthen swallowing muscles.

3. Safety: Identifying swallowing issues can prevent choking episodes and enhance safety during mealtimes, reducing stress for both individuals and their families.

How a Feeding Assessment is Conducted

During a feeding assessment, a speech therapist will evaluate your swallowing patterns in a clinical setting. Here’s an overview of what to expect:

1. Food Consistencies: You will be asked to consume various food consistencies to assess how well you manage different textures.

2. Monitoring: The speech therapist will closely monitor vital signs, breathing patterns, and voice quality throughout and after the feeding process.

Instrumental Swallow Assessments

In some cases, further instrumental assessments may be necessary to gain a more in-depth understanding of swallowing difficulties. One of the most commonly used instrumental assessments is called VFSS.

Video Fluoroscopic Swallow Study (VFSS): VFSS is a moving X-ray examination of the mouth and throat conducted while eating and drinking. During this test, you consume foods coated with Barium, allowing healthcare professionals to:

  • Observe whether food enters the airway instead of the esophagus.
  • · Assess the functioning of different parts of the mouth and throat during swallowing.
  • · Determine which food textures are safe for you to consume.
  • · Explore whether different head positions aid in safe eating and drinking.

Who Can Undergo a VFSS?

VFSS is a versatile assessment suitable for individuals from neonates to pediatrics. However, it’s essential to note that VFSS involves radiation exposure. Therefore, your doctor and speech therapist will carefully consider whether it’s appropriate for your specific situation.


Swallowing difficulties can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life, making early diagnosis and intervention crucial. If you suspect swallowing issues, consult your doctor, and they can refer you for a swallow assessment. Through assessments like the Video Fluoroscopic Swallow Study (VFSS), healthcare professionals can provide personalized recommendations and improve the safety and enjoyment of mealtimes. Remember that your healthcare team is there to support you on your journey to better swallowing health.