What is a Pilonidal Sinus and Pilonidal Cyst?

A Pilonidal Sinus (PNS) is a small hole or tunnel in the skin, usually found in the cleft at the top of the buttocks. It can fill with fluid or pus, leading to the formation of a Pilonidal Cyst. This cyst typically contains hair, dirt, and debris.

Common Signs and Symptoms

At first, you may not notice any significant symptoms except for a small, dimple-like depression on the skin’s surface. However, if the depression becomes infected, it can quickly develop into a cyst or abscess. Signs of infection include:

  • Pain when sitting or standing
  • Swelling of the cyst
  • Reddened, sore skin around the area
  • Draining of pus or blood from the abscess, causing a foul odor
  • Hair protruding from the lesion
  • Formation of multiple sinus tracts or holes in the skin
  • Causes of Pilonidal Sinus

Pilonidal cysts are primarily caused by groups of hairs and debris getting trapped in the pores of the skin in the upper cleft of the buttocks, leading to the formation of an abscess. Some risk factors include being male, having a sedentary lifestyle, having thick body hair, having a family history of the condition, being overweight, and having previous occurrences of pilonidal cysts.

Pilonidal Sinus Treatment Options

There are several treatment options available for Pilonidal Sinus, depending on the severity of the condition:

Incision & Drainage: In this procedure, a small hole is made in the abscess to drain the pus.
Excision and Open Healing: The sinus is surgically cut out, along with some surrounding skin, and the wound is left open to heal naturally.
Excision and Wound Closure: The sinus is removed, and an oval-shaped flap of skin is cut out on either side of it. The two sides are then stitched together.
Laser Treatment for Pilonidal Sinus: This painless and scarless surgery involves using a laser beam to remove debris and pus from the pilonidal sinus. The sinus is removed, and the wound heals without the need for stitches.

Recovery Period

The recovery time varies depending on the chosen treatment procedure. In most cases, individuals can return to work within two weeks after the surgery. To aid the healing process, it is essential to keep the affected area clean, wear comfortable, loose-fitting cotton underwear, consume plenty of fiber to avoid straining during bowel movements and follow any prescribed antibiotic and pain medications.

If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above or suspect you may have a pilonidal sinus or cyst, it is crucial to seek medical attention promptly for proper evaluation and personalized treatment.

Contact Burjeel Medical City for Pilonidal Sinus Care

At Burjeel Medical City, our expert medical professionals provide comprehensive care for pilonidal sinuses and cysts. We offer various treatment options, including laser treatment, to ensure a quick and effective recovery. Contact us today to schedule an appointment and receive the care you need.