Vaginitis is a common condition characterized by inflammation of the vagina in women of all ages. At Burjeel Hospital, Abu Dhabi, we understand the importance of addressing women’s health concerns promptly and effectively.

Why Vaginitis Occurs?

The vaginal environment is delicately balanced, maintaining a healthy state through a combination of factors. However, several factors can disrupt this balance, leading to vaginitis. Some common causes include:

Antibiotics: The use of antibiotics can disturb the natural balance of bacteria and yeast in the vagina, potentially causing inflammation.

Hormonal Changes: Pregnancy, breastfeeding, and menopause can lead to fluctuations in hormone levels, increasing the risk of developing vaginitis.

Douching: Introducing substances into the vagina through douching can disrupt the natural pH and bacterial balance, potentially triggering inflammation.

Spermicides: Certain spermicides used for contraception purposes can irritate the vaginal tissue, leading to inflammation and vaginitis.

Sexual Intercourse: Intercourse, especially with multiple partners or without proper hygiene practices, can introduce foreign substances and disrupt the vaginal environment.

Infection: Infections, such as those caused by bacteria, yeast, or sexually transmitted organisms, can cause vaginitis.

Diagnosis and Treatment

At Burjeel Hospital, Abu Dhabi, our experienced healthcare professionals utilize various diagnostic methods to identify the cause of vaginitis. These may include:

Vaginal Discharge Sample: A sample of vaginal discharge is collected and examined to determine the presence of any pathogens or abnormalities.

In-Office Tests: Some diagnostic tests can be performed in our healthcare professional’s office, providing immediate results.

Laboratory Tests: For certain cases, the vaginal discharge sample may need to be sent to a laboratory for further analysis, with results available within a few days.

To ensure accurate test results, it is crucial to avoid using vaginal medications, douching, sexual intercourse, or spermicides for at least three days before visiting your healthcare professional.

The treatment for vaginitis depends on the underlying cause and may involve oral medication, creams, or gels inserted into the vagina. It is vital to strictly follow your healthcare professional’s instructions and complete the prescribed medication course, even if symptoms improve before finishing the treatment. Prematurely stopping the treatment can lead to symptom recurrence.

Types of Vaginitis

Vaginitis can manifest in different forms, each requiring specific treatment approaches. The most common types of vaginitis include:

Yeast Infection (Candidiasis): Yeast infections are caused by an overgrowth of the Candida fungus. Factors such as antibiotic use, hormonal changes, and weakened immune systems can contribute to yeast infection development. Symptoms may include itching, burning, and white, clumpy vaginal discharge.

Bacterial Vaginosis: Bacterial vaginosis occurs due to an imbalance in the normal vaginal bacteria. Symptoms may include increased discharge with a strong fishy odor and, in some cases, itching. Treatment involves antibiotics.

Trichomoniasis: Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the parasite Trichomonas vaginalis. Symptoms may include yellow-gray or green vaginal discharge, burning, and pain during urination. Treatment involves specific medications.

Atrophic Vaginitis: Atrophic vaginitis is not caused by an infection but rather occurs when female hormone levels are low, such as during breastfeeding or after menopause. Symptoms may include vaginal dryness, itching, abnormal discharge, and pain during sexual intercourse. Treatment involves hormonal therapy.

Prevention of Vaginitis

At Burjeel Hospital, Abu Dhabi, we emphasize the importance of preventive measures to reduce the risk of vaginitis. Here are some proactive steps you can take:

Avoid Feminine Hygiene Sprays and Scented Deodorant Tampons: These products can disrupt the vaginal environment.

Do Not Douche: Allow the vagina to cleanse itself naturally; douching can disrupt the natural balance.

Use Plain Warm Water for Vulva Cleansing: Avoid using soaps and detergents that can disturb the vaginal flora.

Maintain Hygiene of Contraceptive Devices: Clean diaphragms, cervical caps, and spermicide applicators thoroughly after each use.

Practice Safe Sex: Use condoms during sexual intercourse to reduce the risk of infection.

Consult with Healthcare Provider: If prescribed antibiotics for another infection, consult with your healthcare provider about preventing yeast infections.

At Burjeel Hospital, Abu Dhabi, our dedicated team of healthcare professionals is committed to providing personalized care and effective treatment options for women’s health concerns. If you suspect you have symptoms of vaginitis or require further information, please contact our experienced team to schedule an appointment.